Below are supplemental abstracts and references of research that support the conclusions on the treatment for Autism

. Diet and Nutrition References

Food Allergies

Vojdani A, et al. "Antibodies to neuron-specific antigens in children with autism: possible cross-reaction with encephalitogenic proteins from milk, chlamydia pneumoniae and streptococcus group A." J Neuroimmunol. 2002;129:168-177.

A Vojdani, et al. "Antibodies to neuron-specific antigens in children with autism" J Neuroimmunol. 2002;129:168-177.

Autism Res Rev Int. "Gluten, casein-free diet: major improvement seen." Nutr Neurosci. 2002;5(4):251-261.

Autism Research Institute. "New study supports link between autism, intestinal disorders." Autism Res Rev Int. 2001;15(4):2.

Reichelt WH, Reichelt KL. "The possible role of peptides derived from food proteins in diseases of the nervous system." Epilepsy and Other Neurological Disorders in Coeliac Disease, Edited by Gobbi G, et al. 1997;31:227-237.

Barnett H. "Diet, mega vitamin therapies." Autism Res Rev Intl. 1993;7(4):6.

Bidet B, et al. "Allergic sensitization in infantile autism." J Autism Dev Disorders. June,1993;23(2):419-420.

Reichelt KL, et al. "Gluten, milk proteins and autism: dietary intervention effects on behavior and peptide secretion." J App Nutr. 1990;42(1):1-11.

O'Banion D, et al. "Disruptive behavior: a dietary approach." J Autism Childhood Schizophrenia. 1978;8(3):325-337.

Vitamin and Mineral References

Vitamin B6 and DMG

Rimland B. "What is the right 'dosage' for vitamin B6, DMG, and other nutrients useful in autism?" Autism Res Rev Intl. 1997;11(4):3.

Rimland B. "Vitamin B6 in autism: the safety issue." Autism Res Rev Intl. 1996;10(3):3.

"Seizures, vitamin B6, DMG, and sudden speech." Autism Res Rev Intl. 1996;10(2):1.

"Vitamin B6 study: autistic symptoms reduce, immune system more normal." Autism Res Rev Intl. 1993;7(4):1.

"Vitamin B6/DMG." Letters to the editor, Autism Res Rev Intl. 1994;8(2):6.

Campbell S. "Vitamin B6." Letter to the editor, Autism Res Rev Intl. 1991;5(4):7.

Rimland B. "Controversies in the treatment of autistic children: vitamin and drug therapy." J Child Neurol. 1988;3(Suppl):S68-S72.


Muskiet FAJ, Kemperman RFJ. "Folate and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in psychiatric disease." J Nutr Biochem. 2006;17(11):717-27.

Moretti P, et al. "Cerebral folate deficiency with developmental delay, autism, and response to folinic acid." Neurol. March,2005;64(2 of 2):1088-1090.

Vitamin C

Rimland B. "Vitamin C in the prevention and treatment of Autism." Autism Res Rev Intl. 1998;12(2):3.

Smythies JR. "The role of ascorbate in brain: therapeutic implications." J Royal Soc Med. May,1996;89(5):241.

Dolske MC, et al. "A preliminary trial of ascorbic acid as supplemental therapy for autism." Prog Neuro-Psychopharmacol Biol Psychiatr. 1993;17:765-774.

Tolbert LC. "Ascorbic acid: therapeutic trial in autism." Autism Soc Am Ann Conf Indianapolis,Indiana. July10-13,1991.

Magnesium, Vitamin B6

Mousain-Bosc M, et al. "Improvement of neurobehavioral disorders in children supplemented with magnesium-vitamin B6. II. Pervasive developmental disorder-autism." Magnes Res. 2006;19(1):46-52.

Ratner RS. "Vitamin B6/magnesium, DMG." Autism Res Rev Intl. 1998;12(2):6-7.

Menage P, et al. "CD4+ CD45RA+ T lymphocyte deficiency in autistic children: effect of a pyridoxine-magnesium treatment." Brain Dysfunction, 1992;5:326-333.

Martineau J, et al. "Electrophysiological effects of fenfluramine or combined vitamin B6 and magnesium on children with autistic behavior." Dev Med Child Neurol. 1989;31:721-727.

Rimland B. "Vitamin B6 (and magnesium) in the treatment of autism." Autism Res Rev Intl. 1987;1(4):3.

Martineau J, et al. "Vitamin B6, magnesium, and combined B6-MG: therapeutic effects in childhood autism." Biol Psychiatry. May,1985;20(5):467-478.

Raiten DJ, et al. "Vitamin and trace element assessment of autistic and learning disabled children." Nutr Behav. 1984;2:9-17.

Lelord G, et al. "Clinical and biological effects of high doses of vitamin B6 and magnesium on autistic children." Acta Vitaminol Enzymol. 1982;4(1-2):27-44.

Lelord G, et al. "Effects of pyridoxine and magnesium on autistic symptoms-initial observations." J Autism Dev Disord. 1981;11(2):219-230.

Martineau J, et al. "Effects of vitamin B6 on averaged evoked potentials in infantile autism." Biol Psychiatry. July,1981;16(7):627-641.

Rimland B, et al. "The effect of high doses of vitamin B6 on autistic children: a double-blind crossover study." Am J Psychiatry. April,1978;135(4):472-475.


Coleman M. "Clinical presentations of patients with autism and hypocalcinuria." Dev Brain Dysfunction. 1994;7:63-70.

Coleman M. "Nutritional treatments currently under investigation in autism." Clin Nutr. September/October,1989;8(5);210-212.

Supplement References

Dimethyl Glycine (DMG)

"DMG, letters to the editor." Autism Res Rev Intl. 1997;11(4);7.

"Autism and behavior." Autism Res Rev Intl. 1996;10(3):7.

Hydrochloric Acid

Takacs B. "Autism and digestion." Autism Res Rev Intl. 1998;12(4):7.


Chez MG, et al. "Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of L-carnosine supplementation in children with autistic spectrum disorders." J Child Neurol. November,2002;17(11):833-837.

Chez MG, et al. "L-carnosine reduces autistic symptoms, seizures." J Epilepsia. 2002;43(7):65.

Acidophilus Bifidus

White JF. "Intestinal pathophysiology in autism." Exp Biol Med. 2003;228:639-649.

Brudnak MA. "Probiotics as an adjuvant to detoxification protocols." Med Hypotheses. 2002;58(5):382-385.

Finegold SM, et al. "Gastrointestinal microflora studies in late-onset autism." Clin Infect Dis. 2002;35(Suppl 1):S6-S16.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Amminger GP, et al. "Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation in children with autism: A double-blind randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study." Biol Psychiatry. Aug22,2006.

Botanical References

No researched botanical data available for this condition to date

Homeopathy References

Morrison R.Desktop Guide to Keynotes and Confirmatory Symptoms.Hahnemann Clinic Publishing; Albany, CA; 1993.

Murphy R.Homeopathic Medical Repertory.Hahnemann Academy of North America; Pagosa Springs, CO; 1993.

Phatak SR. A Concise Repertory of Homoeopathic Medicines. B. Jain Publishers Pvt. Ltd.; New Delhi, India; 1992.

Kruzel T. The Homeopathic Emergency Guide.North Atlantic Books; Berkeley, CA; 1992.

Kent JT. Repertory of the Homeopathic Materia Medica.B. Jain Publishers (P) LTD; New Delhi, India; 1991.

Boericke W. Materia Medica with Repertory, 9th Ed..Boericke & Tafel, Inc.; Santa Rosa, CA; 1927.

Other Treatment References

Lead Chelation

"Lead/autism link." Autism Res Rev Intl. 1994;8(1):5.

Prism Lenses

"Prism lenses reduce autistic symptoms, improve performance." Autism Res Rev Intl. 1996;10(4):4.

Kaplan M, et al. "Postural orientation modifications in autism in response to ambient lenses." Child Psychiat Hum Dev. Winter,1996;27(2):81-91.

Schulman RL. "Optometry's role in the treatment of autism." J Optomet Vis Dev. Winter,1994;25.

IV Immunoglobulin

Gupta S, et al. "Brief report: dysregulated immune system in children with autism: beneficial effects of intravenous immune globulin on autistic characteristics." J Autism Dev Disorders. 1996;26(4):439-452.

"DAN (Defeat Autism Now)! conference a success." Autism Res Rev Intl. 1996;10(2):1.

Singh VK, et al. "Immunodiagnosis and immunotherapy in autistic Children." Ann NY Acad Sci. pg.602-604.

Vaccinations Containing Mercury

Rimland B. "The Danish data revisited: new study links MMR vaccine to elevated risk of autism." Autism Res Rev Int. 2004;18(3):1,7.

Rimland B. "More evidence links autism to measles vaccine." Autism Res Rev Int. 2004;18(2):1,7.

"Methylation: the link between thimerosal and autism?" Mol Psychiatry. January27,2004.

Autism Res Rev Int, et al. "Wakefield group: more evidence links MMR, autism." J Clin Immunol. November,2003;23(6):504-517.

Jick H, Kaye JA. "Epidemiology and possible causes of autism." Pharmacotherapy. 2003;23(12):1524-1530.

Skegg DCG. "Autism and measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination: a challenge for pharmacoepidemiology." Pharmacotherapy. 2003;23(12):1521-1523.

Autism Research Institute. "Should you vaccinate?" Autism Res Rev Int. 2003;17(2):4.

Geier MR, Geier DA. "Pediatric MMR vaccination safety." Int Pediatr. 2003;18(2):108-113.

Geier MR, et al. "Neurodevelopmental disorders after thimerosal-containing vaccines: a brief communication." J Exp Biol Med. June, 2003;228(6):660-664.

Rimland B. "Study: Thimerosal/autism link 'seems to be confirmed.'" Autism Res Rev Int. 2003;17(1);1-2.

Autism Res Rev Int. "Holmes study: mercury levels in autistic hair indicate connection." Int J Toxicol. September,2003.

Autism Res Rev Int. "Mercury overload reported in autistic children." J Am Physicians Surg. Summer,2003;8(3):76-79.

Rimland B. "Autism researchers present explosive new findings. Burton threatens criminal charges against agencies." Autism Res Rev Int. 2002;16(2):1.7.

Autism Research Institute. "Secret CDC study: Thimerosal an autism risk." Autism Res Rev Int. 2001;15(4):1.

Rimland B. "Institute of Medicine now says autism-mercury link 'biologically plausible'." Autism Res Rev Int. 2001;15(3):1.

Redwood L. "Predicted mercury concentrations in hair from infant immunizations: cause for concern." Neurotoxicol. 2001;22:691-697.

Rimland B. "The MMR/autism controversy: Should we believe the IOM (Institute of Medicine)?" Autism Res Rev Int. 2001;15(2):3.

Rimland B. "What I have learned: Four and a half decades as a parent and researcher." Autism Res Rev Int. 2001;15(3):3.

Rimland B. "The autism epidemic, vaccinations and mercury." B. J Nutr Environ Med. 2000;10:261-266.

Copyright 1998 - 2008 by L. Vicky Crouse, ND and James S. Reiley, ND. All rights reserved (ISSN 1527-0661).