Below are supplemental abstracts and references of research that support the conclusions on the treatment for Endometriosis

. Diet and Nutrition References


Nichols TR, et al. "The association of atopic diseases with endometriosis." Ann Allergy. 1987;Nov;59(5):360-3.

Lamb K, Nichols TR. "Endometriosis: a comparison of associated disease histories." Am J Prev Med. 1986;Nov-Dec;2(6):324-9.

Saturated Fat, Dairy Products, Sugar and Refined Carbohydrates

Chavarro JE, et al. "A prospective study of dairy foods intake and anovulatory infertility." Human Repro. Feb28,2007.

Hauenschild A, et al. "Diet." Gynakologe. 2000;33:11-17.

Golan R. Optimal Wellness. Ballentine Books; NY, NY; 1995:363.

Vitamin and Mineral References


Hernandez GCA, et al. "Endometriosis and deficient intake of antioxidants molecules related to peripheral and peritoneal oxidative stress." Ginecol Obstet Mex. 2006;74(1):20-8.

Johnson K. "Antioxidant therapy quickly improves endometriosis pain." Fam Prac News. March15,2004:75.

Agarwal A, Allamaneni SSR. "Role of free radicals in female reproductive diseases and assisted reproduction." Reprod Biomed Online. 2004;9(3):338-347.

Vitamin E

Ota H, et al. "Endometriosis and free radicals." Gynecol Obstet Invest. 1999;48(Suppl. 1):29-35.

Murphy AA, et al. "Endometriosis: a disease of oxidative stress?" Semin Reprod Endocrinol. 1998;16(4):263-273.

Kryzhanovskii GN, et al. "A-tocopherol-induced activation of the endogenous opioid system." Bull Exper Biol Med. November,1989;108(11):566-567.


Ludwig H. "Dysmenorrhea." Ther Umsch. 1996;Jun;53(6):431-41.

Supplement References

Omega 3 Fatty Acids

Graham J, et al. "In vivo and in vitro effects of gamma-linolenic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid on prostaglandin production and arachidonic acid uptake by human endometrium." Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 1994;Jun;50(6):321-9.

Franson R, et al. "Inhibition of human phospholipases A2 by cis-unsaturated fatty acids and oligomers of prostaglandin B1." Adv Exp Med Biol. 1990;279:219-30.

Rosing U, Olund A. "Endometrial content of prostaglandin precursors during the menstrual cycle." Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 1989;Jun;36(3):195-8.

Covens AL, et al. "The effect of dietary supplementation with fish oil fatty acids on surgically induced endometriosis in the rabbit." Fertil Steril. 1988;Apr;49(4):698-703.

Lipotropic Factors

Hudson T. Gynecology and Naturopathic Medicine, 3rd ed. TK Publications; Aloha, OR; 1994:6-1

Botanical References

Aconitum napellus, Atropa belladonna, Bryonia alba, Cimicifuga racemosa, Dioscorea villosa, Gelsemium sempervirens, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Phytolacca decandra, Viburnum opulus

Mitchell WA. Plant Medicine. Preparatory Manuscript; Seattle, WA; 2000.

Tilgner S. Herbal Medicine-From the Heart of the Earth. Wise Acres Press, Inc.; Creswell, OR; 1999.

Ogletree RL, Rischer RG. Physician's and Pharmacist's Guide to the Top 10 Scientifically Proven Natural Products. Natural Source Digest; 2nd Ed. Brandon, MS; 1997.

Chevallier A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants. DK Publishing; New York, NY; 1996.

Murray MT. The Healing Power of Herbs. 2nd Ed. Prima Publishing; Rocklin, CA; 1995.

Hudson T. Gynecology and Naturopathic Medicine, 3rd ed. TK Publications; Aloha, OR; 1994:6-1

Ellingwood F. American Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Pharmacognosy; Botanical Vol. II. Eclectic Medical Publications; Sandy, OR; 1994.

Felter HW. The Eclectic Materia Medica, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Botanical Vol. 1. Eclectic Medical Publications; Sandy, OR; 1994.

Scalzo R. Naturopathic Handbook of Herbal Formulas. 3rd Ed. Kivaki Press; Durango, CO; 1994.

Ody P. The Complete Medicinal Herbal. Dorling Kindersley; New York, NY; 1993.

Stansbury JE. Botanical Medicines Acting on the Respiratory System. Preparatory Manuscript; Battleground, WA; 1992.

Stansbury JE. Pharmacognosy for the Herbal Practitioner. Preparatory Manuscript; Battleground, WA; 1992.

Thomas L. 10 Essential Herbs. Hohm Press; Prescott, AZ; 1992.

Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield Publishers LTD; Beaconsfield, England; 1991.

Hoffman D. The New Holistic Herbal. Element Inc; Rockport, MA; 1991.

Mabey R, et al. The New Age Herbalist. Collier Books, Macmillan Publishing Company; New York, NY; 1988. England;1988.

Tyler VE, et al. Pharmacognosy. 9th Ed. Lea & Febiger; Philadelphia, PA; 1988.

Wren RC. Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations. The C.W. Daniel Company Limited; Essex; 1988

Carr A, et al. Rodale's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs. Rodale Press; Emmaus, PA; 1987.

Mowrey DB. The Scientific Validation of Herbal Medicine. Keats Publishing, Inc.; New Canaan, CT; 1986.

Beyer P. The Master Book of Herbalism. Phoenix Publishing; Custer, WA; 1984.

Goodenough J. Dr. Goodenough's Home Cures & Herbal Remedies. Avenel Books; New York, NY; 1982.

Millspaugh CF. American Medicinal Plants. Dover Publications, Inc.; New York, NY; 1974.

Grieve M. A Modern Herbal. Vol. I & II; Dover Publications, Inc.; New York, NY; 1971.

Homeopathy References

Morrison R.Desktop Guide to Keynotes and Confirmatory Symptoms.Hahnemann Clinic Publishing; Albany, CA; 1993.

Murphy R.Homeopathic Medical Repertory.Hahnemann Academy of North America; Pagosa Springs, CO; 1993.

Phatak SR. A Concise Repertory of Homoeopathic Medicines. B. Jain Publishers Pvt. Ltd.; New Delhi, India; 1992.

Kruzel T. The Homeopathic Emergency Guide.North Atlantic Books; Berkeley, CA; 1992.

Kent JT. Repertory of the Homeopathic Materia Medica.B. Jain Publishers (P) LTD; New Delhi, India; 1991.

Boericke W. Materia Medica with Repertory, 9th Ed..Boericke & Tafel, Inc.; Santa Rosa, CA; 1927.

Other Treatment References

Alternating Sitz Bath

Hudson T. Gynecology and Naturopathic Medicine, 3rd ed. TK Publications; Aloha, OR; 1994:6-1

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) and Immune Factors

Iborra A, et al. "Autoimmune response in women with endometriosis." Am J Reprod Immunol. 2000;Oct;44(4):236-41.

Ota H, et al. "Is adenomyosis an immune disease?" Hum Reprod Update. 1998;Jul-Aug;4(4):360-7.

Nothnick WB, Soloway PD. "Novel implications in the development of endometriosis: biphasic effect of macrophage activation on peritoneal tissue expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1." Am J Reprod Immunol. 1998;Nov;40(5):364-9.

Braun DP, Dmowski WP." Endometriosis: abnormal endometrium and dysfunctional immune response." Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 1998;Oct;10(5):365-9.

Johnson KM. "Endometriosis. The case for early, aggressive treatment." J Reprod Med. 1998;Mar;43(3 Suppl):309-15.

Garzetti GG, et al. "Decrease in peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocyte chemotactic index in endometriosis: role of prostaglandin E2 release." Obstet Gynecol. 1998;Jan;91(1):25-9.

Rier SE, Yeaman GR. "Immune aspects of endometriosis: relevance of the uterine mucosal immune system." Semin Reprod Endocrinol. 1997;15(3):209-20.

Witz CA, Schenken RS. "Pathogenesis." Semin Reprod Endocrinol. 1997;15(3):199-208.

Oral E, Arici A. "Pathogenesis of endometriosis." Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 1997;Jun;24(2):219-33.

Corchado Gomez A, Hinojosa Cruz JC. "Immunological aspects of endometriosis." Ginecol Obstet Mex. 1997;Mar;65:79-86.

Wu MY, et al. "The suppression of peritoneal cellular immunity in women with endometriosis could be restored after gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist treatment." Am J Reprod Immunol. 1996;Jun;35(6):510-6.

Ho HN, et al. "Decrease in interferon gamma production and impairment of T-lymphocyte proliferation in peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis." Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1996;Nov;175(5):1236-41.

Risber J, Tyssebotn I. "Hyperbaric exposure to a 5 ATA he-[N.sub.2] atmosphere affects the cardiac function and organ blood flow distribution in awake trained rats." Undersea Biomed Res. 1986;13:77-90.

Forman HJ, Thomas MJ. "Oxidant production and bactericidal activity of phagocytes." Ann Rev Physiol. 1986;48:669-680.

Nylander G, et al. "Reduction of postischemic edema with hyperbaric oxygen." Plast Reconstr Surg. 1985;76:596-601.

Knighton DR, et al. "Oxygen as an antibiotic: the effect of inspired oxygen on infection." Arch Surg. 1984;119:199-204.

Badwey JA, Karnovsky ML. "Active oxygen species and the functions of phagocytic leukocytes." Ann Rev Biochem. 1980;49:695-726.

Hohn DC, et al. "The effect of [O.sub.2] tension on the microbicidal function of leukocytes in wounds and in vitro." Surg Forum. 1976;27:18-20.


Iborra A, et al. "Autoimmune response in women with endometriosis." Am J Reprod Immunol. 2000;Oct;44(4):236-41.

Dmowski WP. "Immunological aspects of endometriosis." Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1995;Sep;50 Suppl 1:S3-10.

Mathur S, et al. "Target antigen(s) in endometrial autoimmunity of endometriosis.." Autoimmunity. 1995;20(4):211-22.

Exposure to Dioxins

Birnbaum LS, Cummings AM. "Dioxins and endometriosis: a plausible hypothesis." Environ Health Perspect. January 2002;110(1):15-21.

Copyright 1998 - 2008 by L. Vicky Crouse, ND and James S. Reiley, ND. All rights reserved (ISSN 1527-0661).