Below are supplemental abstracts and references of research that support the conclusions on the treatment for Multiple Sclerosis

. Diet and Nutrition References

Dietary Fat

Zhang SM, et al. "Dietary fat in relation to risk of multiple sclerosis among two large cohorts of women." Am J Epidemiol. 2000;152(11):1056-1064.

Gusev E, et al. "Environmental risk factors in MS: a case-control study in Moscow." Acta Neurologica Scand. 1996;94:386-394.

"Nutritional factors and multiple sclerosis in Gorski Kotar, Croatia." Neuroepidemiol. 1993;12:234-240.

Swank RL, Dugan BB. "Effect of low saturated fat diet in early and late cases of multiple sclerosis." Lancet. July7,1990;336:37-39.

Swank RL. "Multiple sclerosis: twenty years on low fat diet." Arch Neurol. 1970;23:460-474.

Swank RL. "Multiple sclerosis: a correlation of its incidence with dietary fat." Am J Med Sci. 1950;220:421-430.

Gluten and Dairy Products

Butcher PJ. "Milk consumption and multiple sclerosis-an etiological hypothesis." Med Hypoth. 1986;19:169-178.

Allergenic Foods

Soll RW, et al. MS: Something can be done and you can do it.Contemporary Books; Chicago, IL; 1984.

Lange LS, et al. "Small bowel abnormalities in Multiple Sclerosis." Lancet. 1976;2:1319-1322.

Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acids

Bernsohn J, et al. "Aetiology of Multiple Sclerosis." Nature. 1963;10:523-530.

Trans-Fatty Acids

Swank RL. "Multiple sclerosis: fat-oil relationship." Nutr. 1991;7:368-376.

Swank RL, et al. "Effect of low saturated fat in diet in early and late cases of multiple sclerosis." Lancet. 1990;336:37-39.

Vitamin and Mineral References


Helveston W, et al. "Abnormalities of antioxidant metabolism in a case of Friedreich's Disease." Clin Neuropharmacol. 1996;19(3):271-275.

Mai J, et al. "High dose antioxidant supplementation to MS patients: effects on glutathione peroxidase, clinical safety, and absorption." Biol Trace Elem Res. 1990;24:109-117.

Vitamin B1

Stern EI. "The intraspinal injection of vitamin B1 for the relief of intractable pain, and for inflammatory and degenerative diseases of the central nervous system." Am J Surg. 1938;34:495.

Vitamin B6

Mitchell DA, et al. Am J Clin Nutr. August, 1973.

Vitamin B12

Wade DT, et al. "A randomised placebo controlled exploratory study of vitamin B-12, Lofepramine, and L-phenylalanine (the"Cari Loder Regime") in the Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis". J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2002;73:246-249.

Baig SM and Qureshi GA. "Homocysteine and vitamin B12 in multiple sclerosis." Biogenic Amines. 1995;11(6):479-485.

Folate, Vitamin B12

Bottiglieri T. "Folate, vitamin B12, and neuropsychiatric disorders." Nutr Rev. December,1996;54(12):382-390.

Abalan F. "Primer in folic acid: folates and neuropsychiatry." Nutr. 1999;15(7/8):595-598.

Vitamin D

Munger KL, et al. "Vitamin D intake and incidence of multiple sclerosis." Neurol. January,2004;62(1 of 2):60-65.

Embry AF. "Vitamin D supplementation in the fight against multiple sclerosis." J Orthomol Med. 2004;19(1):27-38.

Hayes CE. "Vitamin D: a natural inhibitor of multiple sclerosis." Proc Nutr Soc. 2000;59:1-5.

Prabhala A, et al. "Severe myopathy associated with vitamin D deficiency in western New York." Arch Intern Med. 2000;160:1199-1203.

Vieth R. "Vitamin D supplementation, 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations, and safety." Am J Clin Nutr. 1999;69:842-856.

Hayes CE, et al. "Vitamin D and multiple sclerosis." PSEBM. 1997;216:21-27.


Goldberg P. "Multiple sclerosis: vitamin D and calcium as environmental determinants of prevalance." Int J Env Stud. 1974;6:19-27&121-129.


Yasui M, et al. "Magnesium-related neurological disorders." in Mineral and Metal Neurotoxicology, 1997 CRC Press; Chapter22:219-226.


Morselt AFW. "The role of environmental factors and pollutants in combination with genetic predisposition in the etiology of multiple sclerosis: possibilities for prevention?" J Child Neurol. July,1989;4:228-229.


Wikstrom J, et al. "Selenium, vitamin E and copper in multiple sclerosis." Acta Neurol Scand. 1976;54(3):287-290.

Underwood EJ. Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition, 4 ed, Academic Press; NY, NY; 1971.

Supplement References

Hydrochloric Acid

Gupta JK, et al. "Multiple sclerosis and malabsorption." Am J Gastroenterol. 1977;68:560-566.


Haag M. "Essential fatty acids and the brain." Can J Psychiatry. April,2003;48(3):195-203.

Jancin B. "Fish oil diet, Ginkgo may help MS patients." Fam Pract News. August1,2002:15.

Nordvik I, et al. "Effect of dietary advice and n-3 supplementation in newly diagnosed MS patients." Acta Neurol Scand. 2000;102:143-149.

Mayer M. "Essential fatty acids and related molecular and cellular mechanisms in multiple sclerosis: new looks at old concepts." Folia Biologica (Praha). 1999;45:133-141.

Renaud S, et al. "Small is beautiful: alpha-linolenic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid in man." Lancet. 1983;1:1169.

Digestive Enzymes

Ransberger K, et al. "Enzyme therapy in multiple sclerosis." Der Kassenarzt. 1986;41:42-45.

Adrenal Glandular

Marz R. Medical Nutrition from Marz, Omni-Press; Portland, OR; 1997:468.

Hudson T. Gynecology and Naturopathic Medicine. TK Publications; Aloha, OR; 1994:1-1.

Stein J. "Objective demonstration of the organ-specific effectiveness of cellular preparations." In: Schmid F, ed; Cell Research and Cellular Therapy. Ott Publishers; Thoune (Switzerland); 1967:294-301.

Neumann KH. "The influence of tissue injections on experimental liver damage." In:Schmid F, ed; Cell Research and Cellular Therapy. Ott Publishers; Thoune (Switzerland); 1967:368-79.

Stein J. "Specific effect on implanted endocrine tissues." In:Schmid F, ed; Cell Research and Cellular Therapy. Ott Publishers; Thoune (Switzerland); 1967:340-67.


Laino C. "Oral myelin may halt MS sheath destruction." Med Tri. March11,1993;1,8.

Botanical References


Appa Rao MVR, et al. "The effect of Centella asiatica on the general mental ability of mentally retarded cildren." Indian J Pschy. 1997;19:54-9.

Lawrence Review of Natural Products. Gotu kola. August 1996.


Jancin B. "Fish oil diet, Ginkgo may help MS patients." Fam Pract News. August1,2002:15.

Kleijnen J, Knipschild P. "Ginkgo biloba." Lancet. 1992;340:1136-9.

Funfgeld EW, Ed. Rokan (Ginkgo bilba). Recent Results in Pharmacology and Clinic. Springer-Verlagl NY,NY:1988.


Lawrence Review of Natural Products. Eleutherococcus. May 1996.


Mabey R, Ed. The New Age Herbalist. Collier Books, Macmillan Publishing Co, NY, NT;1988:121.


Wren RC. Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations. CW Daniel Co Ltd, Essex, England;1985:237.


Bezamger-Beaquesne L, et al. Plantes Medicinales des Regions Temperees. Maloine ed. 1980.


Mabey R, Ed. The New Age Herbalist. Collier Books, Macmillan Publishing Co, NY, NT;1988:109.

Homeopathy References

Morrison R.Desktop Guide to Keynotes and Confirmatory Symptoms.Hahnemann Clinic Publishing; Albany, CA; 1993.

Murphy R.Homeopathic Medical Repertory.Hahnemann Academy of North America; Pagosa Springs, CO; 1993.

Phatak SR. A Concise Repertory of Homoeopathic Medicines. B. Jain Publishers Pvt. Ltd.; New Delhi, India; 1992.

Kruzel T. The Homeopathic Emergency Guide.North Atlantic Books; Berkeley, CA; 1992.

Kent JT. Repertory of the Homeopathic Materia Medica.B. Jain Publishers (P) LTD; New Delhi, India; 1991.

Boericke W. Materia Medica with Repertory, 9th Ed..Boericke & Tafel, Inc.; Santa Rosa, CA; 1927.

Other Treatment References


Emre M, De Decker K. "Effects of cigarette smoking on motor functions in patients with multiple sclerosis." Arch Neurol. December,1992;49:1243-1247.

Repeated Exposure to Anesthetics

Flodin U, et al. "Multiple sclerosis in nurse anaesthetists." Occup Environ Med. 2003;60:66-68.

Solvents and Pollution

Spirin NN, et al. "The influence of environmental factors on the incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis." Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im SS Korsakova. 2003;2:111-113.

Cooper GS, et al. "Occupational exposures and autoimmune diseases." Int Immunopharmacol. 2002;2:303-313.

Bee Venom

Hauser RA, et al. "Bee-venom therapy for treating multiple sclerosis: a clinical trial." Altern Complement Ther. February 2001;37-45.

Epstein-Barr Virus

Alotaibi S, et al. "Epstein-barr virus in pediatric multiple sclerosis." JAMA. April21,2004;291(15):1875-1879.

Ascherio A, et al. "Epstein-barr virus antibodies and risk of multiple sclerosis: a prospective study." JAMA. December 26. 2001;286(24):3083-3088.

Chlamydia Infection

Munger KL, et al. "Infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae and risk of multiple sclerosis." Epidemiol. March,2003;14(2):141-147.

Copyright 1998 - 2008 by L. Vicky Crouse, ND and James S. Reiley, ND. All rights reserved (ISSN 1527-0661).