Below are supplemental abstracts and references of research that support the conclusions on the treatment for Psoriasis

. Diet and Nutrition References

Food Allergies

Addolorato G, et al. "Rapid regression of psoriasis in a coeliac patient after gluten-free diet: a case report and review of the literature." Digestion. 2003;68:9-12.

Michaelsson G, et al. "Gluten-free diet in psoriasis patients with antibodies to gliadin results in decreased expression of tissue transglutaminase and fewer KI67+ cells in the dermis." Acta Derm Venereol. 2003;83:425-429.

Michaelsson G, et al. "Psoriasis patients with antibodies to gliadin can be improved by a gluten-free diet." Br J Dermatol. 2000;142:44-51.

Bazex A. "Diet without gluten and psoriasis." Ann Derm Symp. 1976;103:648.

Low Protein, Low Fat Diet

Newborg B. "Disappearance of psoriatic lesions on the rice diet." N Carolina Med J. 1986;47:253-55.

Schamberg JF. "The dietary treatment of psoriasis." JAMA. 1932;98:1633.


Rosenberg E, Belew P. "Microbial factors in psoriasis." Arch Dermatol. 1982;118:1434-44.


Serwin AB, et al. "Selenium status in psoriasis and its relationship with alcohol consumption." Biol Trace Elem Res. 2002;89:127-137.

Monk BE, Neill SM. "Alcohol consumption and psoriasis." Dermatologica. 1986;173(2):57-60.

Vitamin and Mineral References

Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Zinc

Baz K, et al. "Oxidant/antioxidant status in patients with psoriasis." Yonsei Med J. 2003;44(6):987-990.

"Psoriasis Rx: A plus E plus zinc." Cortlandt Forum. May,1993;123/63-31.

Vitamin B12

Stucker M, et al. "Vitamin B12 cream containing avocado oil in the therapy of plaque psoriasis." Dermatol. 2001;203:141-147.

Carslaw RW, Neill J. "Vitamin B12 in psoriasis." Letter. Br Med J. 1963;1:611.

Vitamin D

Helfrich YR, et al. "Topical becocalcidiol for the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris: a randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind, multicentre study." Br J Dermatol. June26,2007.

"Synthetic vitamin D analogue quells psoriasis." Skin Aller News. September,1997;30.

Perez A, et al. "Safety and efficacy of oral calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) for the treatment of psoriasis." Br J Dermatol. 1996;134:1070-1078.

Gerritsen M, et al. "Topical treatment of psoriatic plaques with 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3: a cell biological study." Br J Dermatol. 1993;128:666-673.

Staberg B, et al. "Abnormal vitamin D metabolism in patients with psoriasis." Acta Derm Venereol. 1987;67(1):65-68.

Morimoto S, et al. "Topical administration of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 for psoriasis: report of five cases." Calcif Tissue Intl. February,1986;38(2):119-122.

Takamoto S, et al. "Effect of 1 alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol on psoriasis vulgaris: a pilot study." Calcif Tissue Intl. December,1986;39(6):360-364.


Malerba M, et al. "Plasma homocysteine and folate levels in patients with chronic plaque psoriasis." Br J Dermatol. 2006;155(6):1165-9.


Serwin AB, et al. "Selenium status in psoriasis and its relationship with alcohol consumption." Biol Trace Elem Res. 2002;89:127-137.

Harvima RJ, et al. "Screening effects of selenomethionine-enriched yeast supplementation on various immunological and chemical parameters of skin and blood in psoriatic patients." ACTA Derm Venereol. 1993;73:88-91.

Michaelsson G, et al. "Selenium in whole blood and plasma is decreased in patients with moderate and severe psoriasis." Acta Derm Venereol (Stockh). 1989;69:29-34.

Juhlin L, et al. "Blood glutathione-peroxidase levels in skin diseases: effect of selenium and vitamin E treatment." Acta Derm Venereol. 1982;62(3):211-214.


Svenson KLG, et al. "Reduced zinc in peripheral blood cells from patients with inflammatory connective tissue diseases." Inflammation. 1985;9(2):189-199.

Supplement References

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Forst P, Kuhn KS. "Fish oil emulsions: what benefits can they bring?" Clin Nutr. 2000;19(1):7-14.

Grimminger F, et al. "A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of N-3 fatty acid based lipid infusion in acute, extended guttate psoriasis: rapid improvement of clinical manifestations and changes in neutrophil leukotriene profile." Clin Investigator. 1993;71:634-643.

Kojima T, et al, "Long-term administration of highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid provides improvement of psoriasis." Dermatologica. 1991;182(4):225-230.

Maurice PD, et al. "The effects of dietary supplementation with fish oil in patients with psoriasis." Br J Dermatol. November,1987;117(5):599-606.

Omega 6 Fatty Acids

Kapoor R, et al. "Gamma linolenic acid: an antiinflammatory omega-6 fatty acid." Cur Pharm Biotechnol. 2006;7(6):531-4.

Ellis CN, et al. "Experimental therapies for psoriasis." Sem Dermatol. 1985;4(4):313-19.

Black AK, et al. "The effect of systemic prednisone on arachidonic acid, and prostaglandin E2 and F2 alpha levels in human cutaneous inflammation." Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1982;(4)313-19.

Fumaric Acid

Mrowietz U, et al. "Treatment of psoriasis with fumaric acid esters: results of a prospective multicentre study." Br J Dermatol. 1998;138:456-460.

Nieboer C, et al. "Fumaric acid therapy in psoriasis: a double blind comparison between fumaric acid compound therapy and monotherapy with dimethylfumaric acid ester." Dermatologica. 1990;18(1):33-7.

Nugteren-Huying WM, et al. "Fumaric acid therapy in psoriasis: a double blind, placebo controlled study." Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1990;134(49):2387-91.

Hydrochloric Acid

Rappaport EM. "Achlorhydria: Associated symptoms and response to hydrochloric acid. N Eng J Med. 1955;252(19):802-5.

Ayers S. "Gastric secretion in psoriasis, eczema and dermatitis herpetiformis." Arch Dermatol Sympilol. 1929;20:854-57.

Digestive Enzymes

Murray M, Pizzorno J. Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine, 2 ed. Prima Publishing; Rocklin, CA; 1998:764.

Botanical References


Murray M, Pizzorno J. Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine, 2 ed. Prima Publishing; Rocklin, CA; 1998:764.


Tse TW. "Use of common Chinese herbs in the treatment of psoriasis." Clin Exp Dermatol. 2003;28:469-475.

Thurmon FM. "The treatment of psoriasis with sarsaparilla compound." N Eng J Med. 1942;227:128-33.


Boericke. Materia Medica with Repertory, 9 ed. Santa Rosa, CA; Boericke and Tafel Inc.

Homeopathy References

Morrison R.Desktop Guide to Keynotes and Confirmatory Symptoms.Hahnemann Clinic Publishing; Albany, CA; 1993.

Murphy R.Homeopathic Medical Repertory.Hahnemann Academy of North America; Pagosa Springs, CO; 1993.

Phatak SR. A Concise Repertory of Homoeopathic Medicines. B. Jain Publishers Pvt. Ltd.; New Delhi, India; 1992.

Kruzel T. The Homeopathic Emergency Guide.North Atlantic Books; Berkeley, CA; 1992.

Kent JT. Repertory of the Homeopathic Materia Medica.B. Jain Publishers (P) LTD; New Delhi, India; 1991.

Boericke W. Materia Medica with Repertory, 9th Ed..Boericke & Tafel, Inc.; Santa Rosa, CA; 1927.

Other Treatment References


Perez A, et al. "Efficacy and safety of topical calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) for the treatment of psoriasis." Br J Dermatol. 1996;134:238-46.

Ultraviolet Radiation and Meditation

Jancin B. "Meditation speeds psoriasis clearing during phototherapy." Skin and Allergy News. March,2000:30/Psychosom Med. 1998;60(5):625-632.

Ness AR, et al. "Are we really dying for a tan?" Br Med J. July10,1999;319:114-116.

Frankel DH. "Meditation and light order of the day for psoriasis." Lancet. September26,1998;352:1040.

Farber EM, Nall L. "Psoriasis and ultraviolet radiation." Cutis. September,1993;52:145-152.

Copyright 1998 - 2008 by L. Vicky Crouse, ND and James S. Reiley, ND. All rights reserved (ISSN 1527-0661).